Git: checkout files or directories from another branch

You probably knew that a branch can be "checked out" with the `git checkout branch-name` command, but interestingly, a single file or a directory can also be subject to checkout.

If you want to pull a file from a feature branch to a master, the workflow would be as follows:

# First switch to the master branch
$ git checkout master

# Then grab the needed file
$ git checkout feature-branch -- src/js/some-file.js

# The thee is now dirty
$ git status
On branch master
Changes to be committed:
  (use "git reset HEAD <file>..." to unstage)

    new file:   src/js/some-file.js

# Then commit in normal fashion
$ git commit -m "Get a file from the feature branch"

Checking out a directory:

$ git checkout feature-branch -- src/js/

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