Removing stuff with git: just remove any file, remove files from the staging area, how to remove files that were not supposed to be added, and how to remove everything.
Scenario 1: an unused file needs to be removed:
$ git rm <file-name> $ git commit -m "Remove old file"
What’s the difference between
git rm? Not much:
rm foo.txt, will remove the file, and
git status will show
deleted: foo.txt. But
git rm foo.txt will remove the file and add it to the staging area.
Scenario 2: wrong files were added, but they were not yet committed, then a simple
reset will remove the files from the staging area, but doesn’t actually delete the files:
$ git reset HEAD <file-name> # Or everything $ git reset HEAD
Scenario 3: make a commit and notice a stray directory or a file (for example
.DS_Store) that should have been ignored in the first place, i.e.: make git forget already committed files.
First, add the file to the project’s
.gitignore, and then neutralize the cache:
$ git rm --cached <file-name> # Globbing is possible as usual $ git rm --cached *.log
If a directory, use the
$ git rm -r --cached directory/
Scenario 4: changes in the current branch are wanted to be decimated from all eternity:
$ git reset --hard
Careful, that will remove staged and unstaged changes.
To only remove unstaged changes in the current working directory, use:
$ git checkout -- .
Also, a given amount of commits can be reset. The following will destroy the last two commits completely:
$ git reset HEAD~2 --hard
Soft reset is also possible, which is not really removing any files. This way the commits are removed, but the changed files are kept:
$ git reset HEAD~2 --soft
After that, git shows a dirty tree.
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