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Install and run Vagrant

Filed under: Server— Tagged with: puppet, vagrant

This post looks at how to install vagrant, and how to initialize a project and install a box. It also lists all needed commands and tricks to get started on local developing goodness.



These are the virtual linux machines Vagrant runs on. It might be that only one box is needed, multiple dev environments can be run on the same Box.

Boxes are the package format for Vagrant environments. A box can be used by anyone on any platform that Vagrant supports to bring up an identical working environment. The vagrant box utility provides all the functionality for managing boxes. You can read the documentation on the vagrant box command for more information.


VirtualBox is a provider, VMware is a provider. It's the application that is doing the actual work here.


This means installing all the needed components to the server programmatically, e.g. MySQL, NGINX, Node etc. These are specified in the Vagrantfile, in the project root and is usually done via provisioning tool like Puppet or Chef.

Provisioners in Vagrant allow you to automatically install software, alter configurations, and more on the machine as part of the vagrant up process.


A file called Vagrantfile, lives in the project root. This is where all the Vagrant related configuration is (think Gemfile or Capfile).

Install needed components

There are two needed components:

  1. VirtualBox — Get it here and run the installer
  2. Vagrant itself — Get it here and run the installer

Spin it up

Project directory is needed (of course):

$ mkdir vagrant_test && cd vagrant_test

Initialize Vagrant in a chosen directory:

$ vagrant init hashicorp/precise64
A `Vagrantfile` has been placed in this directory. You are now
ready to `vagrant up` your first virtual environment! Please read
the comments in the Vagrantfile as well as documentation on
`` for more information on using Vagrant.

Then, do as you were told:

$ vagrant up

We didn't have a box installed yet, Vagrant is now doing just that: installs 64 bit Ubuntu on the VirtualBox. It's about 374M in size, when installed it takes roughly 1GB. On a broadband the install take roughly ~5 minutes.

Here's what the output of vagrant up should look like at this point:

Bringing machine 'default' up with 'virtualbox' provider...
==> default: Box 'hashicorp/precise64' could not be found. Attempting to find and install...
    default: Box Provider: virtualbox
    default: Box Version: >= 0
==> default: Loading metadata for box 'hashicorp/precise64'
    default: URL:
==> default: Adding box 'hashicorp/precise64' (v1.1.0) for provider: virtualbox
    default: Downloading:
    default: Progress: 49% (Rate: 801k/s, Estimated time remaining: 0:07:08)
    default: Progress: 49% (Rate: 739k/s, Estimated time remaining: 0:07:06)
==> default: Successfully added box 'hashicorp/precise64' (v1.1.0) for 'virtualbox'!
==> default: Importing base box 'hashicorp/precise64'...
==> default: Matching MAC address for NAT networking...
==> default: Checking if box 'hashicorp/precise64' is up to date...
==> default: Setting the name of the VM: clubmatefi_default_1398865802619_53576
==> default: Fixed port collision for 22 => 2222\. Now on port 2200.
==> default: Clearing any previously set network interfaces...
==> default: Preparing network interfaces based on configuration...
    default: Adapter 1: nat
==> default: Forwarding ports...
    default: 22 => 2200 (adapter 1)
==> default: Booting VM...
==> default: Waiting for machine to boot. This may take a few minutes...
    default: SSH address:
    default: SSH username: vagrant
    default: SSH auth method: private key
    default: Warning: Connection timeout. Retrying...
==> default: Machine booted and ready!
==> default: Checking for guest additions in VM...
    default: The guest additions on this VM do not match the installed version of
    default: VirtualBox! In most cases this is fine, but in rare cases it can
    default: prevent things such as shared folders from working properly. If you see
    default: shared folder errors, please make sure the guest additions within the
    default: virtual machine match the version of VirtualBox you have installed on
    default: your host and reload your VM.
    default: Guest Additions Version: 4.2.0
    default: VirtualBox Version: 4.3
==> default: Mounting shared folders...
    default: /vagrant => /Users/bob/web/vagrant_test

Now it's running (pump fist up and down). The newly created box can be seen in the VirtualBox.

Screenshot 2015-01-15 11.41.13

Ssh into the box and look around:

$ vagrant ssh

It's running, now what?

Configure Vagrant via Vagrantfile

There's now Vagrantfile in the working directory, it's in Ruby, set syntax highlighting accordingly. Start by deleting all the commented lines, and you're left with the gist:

# -*- mode: ruby -*-
# vi: set ft=ruby :

# Vagrantfile API/syntax version. Don't touch unless you know what you're doing!

Vagrant.configure(VAGRANTFILE_API_VERSION) do |config| = "hashicorp/precise64"

IP can be set like this: :private_network, ip: ""

And the port: :forwarded_port, guest: 80, host: 9090

And the synced folder:

config.vm.synced_folder "./", "/vagrant"

Plus tons of other stuff, but for now we'll stick to the minimum settings.

All in all the Vagrantfile should look something like this:

# -*- mode: ruby -*-
# vi: set ft=ruby :

# Vagrantfile API/syntax version. Don't touch unless you know what you're doing!

Vagrant.configure(VAGRANTFILE_API_VERSION) do |config| = "hashicorp/precise64" :private_network, ip: "" :forwarded_port, guest: 80, host: 9090
    config.vm.synced_folder "./", "/vagrant"

Reload Vagrant

Issue the following command:

$ vagrant reload

Wait for it boot and vagrant ssh into it.

Now, this is where we'd usually set up Puppet to do all the heavy lifting, but lets just play around with the VM a bit first to really understand what's going on (follow up post on Puppet is already brewing).

Install NGINX via apt-get just to illustrate how things work here:

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install nginx

Start it:

$ service nginx start

Go to or localhost:9090 and you shoud see the NGInx default page. We're getting somewhere here.

Go to the server root and have a look:

$ cd /vagrant # This was defined in Vagrantfile
$ ls          # It's our project dir, voilà

So, this is indeed the directory on the host machine (that's your computer). Type exit in the prompt and you're out from the Vagrant VM. Go ahead and make a file called index.html in the project root. This can be done from the prompt (as well as from text editor or Finder):

$ sudo nano index.html

Nano will pop up, paste in a primitive html file:

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Spoon dilemma</title>
    <h1>Hello world!</h1>
    <p>My spoon is too big.</p>

On an editor with Emmet enabled, just type html:5 and hit tab, it'll barf that up for you.

Now we need to make NGINX to point to the vagrant directory, vagrant ssh into the VM and issue the following:

$ sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/default

Nano will pop up. Look up a line that says something like:

root /usr/share/nginx/www

That means, NGINX is looking the site from there, lets point NGINX to the vagrant dir. Change the line to:

root /vagrant

Restart NGINX:

$ sudo service nginx restart

Go to, and there it is: Hello world. See, Vagrant and the host are going a bit like this:


Give it a nicer domain

The local site doesn't have to be at or localhost:9090, it can be a real domain, it can be whatver is specified in the hosts file. In OS X Mavericks the hosts file is at /private/etc/hosts (if the hidden files aren't enabled in Finder, the private dir won't show up).

Just add the IP and domain pair in the end of the file:

Point NGINX to the domain

Edit the default file again:

$ sudo nano /etc/ngingx/sites-available/default

Look up server_name and change it to:


Restart as always:

$ sudo service nginx restart

Now the index.php can be viewed at

Take it down

There comes a time when the VM is not desired to be running, the current state can be saved and the machine turned of with the suspend command:

$ vagrant suspend

Halt stops the machine crafully, it's like pressing the power off button on a computer:

$ vagrant halt

If the machines is wished to be destroyed, the aptly names destroy command is to be used:

$ vagrant destroy

Readily configured Vagrant environments

If doing WordPress development, then the VVV (Varying Vagrant Vagrants) is the way to go. PuPHPet is also a really great tool for spinning up and provisioning complex Vagrant environments.


It might be tedious to install everything by hand every time, especially on more complex environments. In that case, Puppet or Chef are the way to go, but that's a subject for another post.


Vagrant loads sites very slow

Solutions #1:

See how the host machines hosts file looks like. Put all the localhost calls on a same line.

Solutions #2:

Vagrant has 360 MB memory by default, bump it up by putting this in the Vagrantfile and running $ vagrant restart:

config.vm.provider :virtualbox do |vb|
    vb.customize ["modifyvm", :id, "--memory", "1024"]

Solutions #3:

Define skip-name-resolve in the VMs my.cnf. The file can be located in following directories, depending on the OS.

  • /etc/my.cnf
  • /etc/mysql/my.cnf
  • $MYSQL_HOME/my.cnf
  • [datadir]/my.cnf
  • ~/.my.cnf

On a Ubuntu precise64 it was in /etc/mysql/my.cnf, pop the file open with nano:

$ sudo nano /etc/mysql/my.cnf

And edit to look something like this:



These might help, or not. In my experience the slowness is usually due to MySQL. I had a machine that I ran WordPress dev sites on, and it just one day turned almost completely unresponsive and I wasn't able to fix it. I just switched to VVV and all works fine. VVV is really the best solution for running WP sites, IMHO.

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